Dr. Sania Nishtar is the Chair of Every Woman Every Child’s Independent Accountability Panel. She is founder and president of Heartfile, which began in Pakistan in 1999 as a nongovernmental organization focused on health information and evolved into a think tank on health policy issues. She is currently the co-chair of the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity. She is founder of Heartfile Health Financing, a programme that uses a customized IT platform and mobile phones to protect poor patients from medical impoverishment or foregoing health care. A cardiologist by training, she was Best Graduate of the Khyber Medical College in 1986 and holds a Fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians of London and a PhD from King’s College London. Widely considered a thought leader on health policy, she has been a key drafter of several global health declarations.